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鱼缸如何做保温?

 发布时间:2018-03-06 16:10:34 浏览次数:200

一到大冬天,我们就老想着怎么省电省钱的养鱼。加热是鱼缸用电量最大的电器。一个月烧你三四百块也很正常。
In the winter, we are always thinking about how to save electricity and save fish. Heating is the largest electrical appliance used in fish tanks. It's normal for you to burn three hundred or four hundred pieces a month.
至于保温的方法,我们可以参考保温杯。
As for the insulation method, we can refer to the thermos cup.
保温方法一:加盖子防止水蒸发
Heat preservation method: add a lid to prevent water evaporation
物理学中,水蒸发会吸热,带走水体的温度,从而得到降温的效果。
In physics, water evaporation can absorb heat and take away the temperature of water body, so as to get the effect of cooling.
影响水蒸发的因素:表面积,温度,通风,液面气压高低。
Factors affecting water evaporation: surface area, temperature, ventilation, surface pressure.
而在鱼缸中,表面积是固定的,温度设定是恒温。所以通不通风就会影响着鱼缸水蒸发的最直接原因。
In the fish tank, the surface area is fixed, and the temperature is set at constant temperature. So the ventilation will affect the most direct reason for the evaporation of fish tank water.
所以方法很简单,就是加盖。鱼缸盖,过滤盖,干湿分离盖,整整个鱼缸有机会蒸发的地方都加上盖子,这样就能减少通风带走水蒸汽。
So the method is very simple, that is, stamped. A fish jar, a filter cap, a dry and wet separation cap, and a whole fish tank with a chance to evaporate are covered with a lid, so that ventilation can be reduced and water vapor taken away.
原理解释
Principle explanation
在密闭容器中的液体不断的蒸发,液面上的蒸气也不断地凝结,当这两个同时存在的过程达到动态平衡时,宏观的蒸发也停止了,这种与混合体处于动态平衡的蒸气叫饱和汽。
Evaporation in a sealed container of liquid vapor continuously, on the surface is constantly setting, when the two simultaneous process to achieve dynamic balance, the macro evaporation also stopped, and the mixture is called saturated steam steam dynamic balance.
流氓解释:只要鱼缸加上盖子,鱼缸里的空气空间相对比较小,这个空间越小,水蒸气饱和的速度就越快。越快饱和,水蒸发的速度就变慢。相对失温速度就变慢,从而达到保温效果。

 

 

Rogue explanation: as long as the fish tank with a lid, the air space in the fish tank is relatively small, the smaller the space, the faster the saturation speed of water vapor. The faster the saturation, the slower the evaporation of water. The relative temperature loss slows down, so as to achieve heat preservation effect.
例子:保温杯加了盖子,保温的时间会很长。打开盖子,水就很快凉下来。
Example: the thermos cup with a lid, holding time will be long. Open the lid and the water cools off quickly.
保温方法二:制造隔热带
Insulation method two: manufacturing insulation
物理原理:热量从一个物体中的高温部分迁移到低温部分的现象称为热传递
Physics principle: the phenomenon that heat transfers from the high temperature part of an object to the low temperature part is called heat transfer
在冬天,鱼缸温度有24~30度左右,属于一个高温的物体,而周围的环境相对比较低的温度。所以鱼缸就算全加盖子,也会从玻璃上产生热传递。
In winter, the tank temperature is about 24~30 degrees, belongs to a high temperature object, and the surrounding environment is relatively low temperature. So even if the aquarium is full of lids, it will produce heat transfer from the glass.
虽然这个热传递的效率没有水蒸发这么快。但也是一个失温的原因之一。
Although the efficiency of this heat transfer is not as fast as water evaporates. But it is also one of the reasons for the loss of temperature.
防止这个热传递最好的方法就是隔热,利用导热能力差的物体包着鱼缸。让鱼缸与室内的空气隔离开来。相对的热传递就会少一些。
The best way to prevent this heat transfer is to heat insulation, and use the object with poor thermal conductivity to wrap the fish tank. Let the fish tank separate from the indoor air. The relative heat transfer will be less.
保温材料:泡沫板,泡沫棉,棉被等。
Thermal insulation material: foam board, foam cotton, quilt and so on.
这个方法是有点效果,但不要指望有多大的效果,打个比方,同样一个鱼缸,加隔热的可能一小时降1度水温,不加隔热的,可能一小时降1.2度水温。但绝对做不到一倍的效果。
This method is a little effective, but don't expect to have much effect, for example, the same fish tank, heat insulation may be an hour down 1 degrees water temperature, without heat insulation, may be an hour down 1.2 degrees water temperature. But it's never done twice as much.
因为要达到真正的隔热效果,就要做到像冰箱那么厚实的隔热泡沫。就像夏天运冰棍的汽车车柜,弄一层足够厚足够实的隔热才能起到保温效果。然而鱼缸是做不到这点,做到了,这鱼缸也看不了鱼。失去观赏的性质。
To achieve true thermal insulation, you need to have a thick, insulated foam like a refrigerator. Just like the summer transport car popsicle cabinet, a heat insulation layer is thick enough to get enough to play the insulation effect. But the fish tank couldn't do it, and the fish tank couldn't see the fish. The nature of losing sight.

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